The book contains articles on the history of mathematics in Moscow throughout the era of the Soviet Union. The articles focus on the development of mathematics, and the personal lives and political events influencing scientific work and life in the Soviet Union. The authors have used many documents that were only released after perestroika.

The book starts with a description of the Moscow Mathematical School during the 30s, when the attention of Russian mathematicians was focused on function theory, probability theory, applied mathematics, etc. Scientific results of N. N. Luzin, V. I. Smirnov, D. E. Menshov, O. Yu. Schmidt, V. V. Golubev and many others are described here. This is followed by an analysis of mathematics at the Moscow State University in the late 40s and early 50s. The education systems, the system of scientific degrees, important research activities, international collaborations, lives and professional activities of the most important mathematicians (for example A. N. Kolmogorov, A. A. Markov, P. S. Alexandrov) are discussed. The book continues with a characterization of mathematical scientific work in the atmosphere of the 50s and 60s.

The book finishes with A. B. Sossinsky's personal confession on his way between two continents and cultures and on his experiences and contacts with several Russian mathematicians. This part gives a description of the atmosphere and events in Russsia from the 70s up to 90s. In this second edition, there is a very interesting article written by Tikhomirov giving a general overview of 20th century Moscow mathematics. The book also contains a brief survey of the literature on the development of mathematics in the Soviet Union (in English and Russian), which can serve as an introduction to the history of mathematics in the USSR. For better orientation, the survey is organized into sections with separate references. At the end of the book, there is an index of names and some photographs. The book can be recommended to mathematicians, historians and all people who are interested in Soviet mathematical history.

Reviewer:

mbec