The Pythagorean Theorem. A 4,000-Year History
This interesting book is devoted to the Pythagorean theorem, which is the most frequently used theorem in all branches of mathematics and which is learnt in geometry at school. The author shows the long route the Pythagorean theorem has taken through cultural history and he analyses its role in the development of mathematical thinking, research and teaching.
The book starts with a description of the earliest evidence of knowledge of the theorem, which was known to the Babylonians over 4000 years ago. It continues with an analysis of the work of the Greek mathematician Euclid, which immortalized this theorem as Proposition 47 in the first book of his famous Elements. Then the book describes the role of the theorem in Greek mathematics (Archimedes, Apollonius, etc.) and its positions in pure and applied mathematics, as well as its influence on the arts, poetry, music and culture through the Arabic world, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and the New Age in Europe up to Einstein's theory of relativity. The most beautiful proofs of the theorem are shown and explained. The book contains an index and many interesting photos and pictures. It can be recommended to readers who want to learn about mathematics and its history, who want to be inspired and who want to understand important mathematical ideas more deeply.